1 Arnault E, Barrau C, Nanteau C, Goudouin P, Bigot K, et al. (2013). Phototoxicity Action Spectrum on a Retinal Pigment Epithelium Model of Age- Related Macular Degeneration Exposed to Sunlight Normalized Conditions. PLoS ONE 8(8): e71398. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0071398 (August 23, 2013). Identified Harmful Blue Light through in vitro experiment on swine retinal cells, where the most toxic wavelengths are high energy visible light falling between 415-455nm on the light spectrum (blue- violet light).
2 Blue Light Roundtable, NYC. “A Report on Blue Light Hazard: New Knowledge, New Approaches to Maintaining Ocular Health.” March 16, 2013.
3 Crizal Prevencia lenses block up to 20% of Harmful Blue Light.